Programme et politique publique

  • 24 février 2021

    This paper presents the results of a scoping review of the literature on existing tools and methods for integrating health concerns into climate change adaptation and mitigation policies and strategies. It is intended for public health actors who may be involved in the development of such policies and strategies. It may also be of interest to other actors who would like to further integrate the health dimension into their actions aimed at combating climate change.

    The review of the scientific and grey literature identified thirteen tools and methods, which were classified into five categories:

    1. Impact assessment tools;
    2. Tools for integrating health into adaptation policies...
  • 24 février 2021

    Ce document présente les résultats d’une revue exploratoire de la littérature portant sur les outils et méthodes existants qui permettent d’intégrer des préoccupations de santé dans les politiques et les stratégies d’adaptation et d’atténuation relatives aux changements climatiques. Il s’adresse aux acteurs de la santé publique qui pourraient être impliqués dans l’élaboration de ces politiques et de ces stratégies. D’autres acteurs qui souhaiteraient intégrer davantage la dimension santé dans leurs actions de lutte contre les changements climatiques pourraient également être concernés.

    La revue de la littérature scientifique et de la littérature grise a permis de repérer treize outils et méthodes qui ont été classés en cinq catégories :

      ...
  • 21 décembre 2020

    “The social determinants of health are the circumstances in which people are born,grow up, live, work and age, and the systems put in place to deal with illness. These circumstances are in turn shaped by a wider set of forces: economics, social policies, and politics” (World Health Organization’s Commission on Social Determinants of Health [CSDH WHO], 2016).

    “The underlying social structures and processes that systematically assign people to different social positions and distribute the social determinants of health unequally in society are the social determinants of health inequities” (VicHealth, 2015, p. 6).

    This paper is part of a series of short documents based on the longer Briefing Note, Policy Approaches to Reducing Health...

  • 21 décembre 2020

    This document is intended to enable public health actors to more easily distinguish between the most widespread policy approaches that have been proposed to reduce health inequalities. The approaches that we will discuss are:

    • Political economy,
    • Macro social policies,
    • Intersectionality,
    • Life course approach,
    • Settings approach,
    • Approaches that aim at living conditions,
    • Approaches that target communities, and
    • Approaches aimed at individuals.

    Health inequalities1 are understood to be unfair and systematic differences in health among and between social groups – differences which need to be addressed through action. These result from social and political circumstances...

  • 21 décembre 2020

    It is commonly acknowledged that the circumstances surrounding birth and the early years of life have an impact on the learning, behaviour and health of individuals throughout their lives. To help readers to learn more about interventions that support the healthy development of children from birth to five years old, we have compiled this bibliography.

    This document aims to open pathways of study to public health actors interested in developmental health and the well-being of children. It is intended as a guide to research, but makes no claim to be exhaustive. The documents (books, journals, etc.) and websites listed (English and French) were selected based on criteria of accessibility, relevance and scientific rigour. Although there are many quality resources for parents or the...

  • 21 décembre 2020

    This paper provides a very short summary of a longer paper of the same name. The longer work, including full references, is available online at:
    http://www.ncchpp.ca/docs/2014_Ethique_Reciprocity_En.pdf.

    Whether considered as a value or formulated as a principle to guide actions, reciprocity is commonly appealed to in public health to help ensure that certain obligations due to others – or to be expected from others – may be taken into account and acted upon by public authorities or by individuals. It is one of the values commonly considered when applying an ethical lens to decisions and actions linked to public health or healthy public policies.

    Reciprocity can be applied in the ethics of...

  • 18 décembre 2020

    This briefing note belongs to a series on the various models used in political science to represent public policy development processes. Note that the purpose of these briefing notes is not to refine an existing model. Our purpose is rather to suggest how each of these models constitutes a useful interpretive lens that can guide reflection and action leading to the production of healthy public policies.

    In addition to the news or to unforeseen events that may arise daily, policy makers have to grapple with a multiplicity of evolving demands coming from numerous actors on all sides. These unfolding events and ongoing demands all compete for their attention and struggle to get placed on the government agenda. However, given a context of limited resources (cognitive, financial,...

  • 18 décembre 2020

    La présente note documentaire fait partie d’une série portant sur les différents modèles utilisés en science politique pour représenter les processus de développement des politiques publiques. Soulignons que le but de ces notes n’est pas de raffiner un modèle existant. Notre propos consiste plutôt à suggérer comment chacun de ces modèles peut constituer autant de grilles de lecture utiles pour soutenir les réflexions et l’action autour de la production de politiques publiques favorables à la santé.

    Outre les nouvelles ou événements imprévus qui surviennent quotidiennement, les décideurs politiques doivent composer avec de multiples demandes de la part de nombreux acteurs évoluant autour d’eux. Ces aléas et ces demandes constituent autant d’enjeux qui entrent en compétition pour...

  • 17 novembre 2020

    The intent of this briefing note is to introduce some tools developed in recent years to facilitate the integration of health issues into the decision-making processes of sectors whose primary concern is not population health. It is not the product of a comprehensive review of the various support instruments for health-related decision making, but rather a review of tools associated with the HiAP approach that have been the subject of publications. Most of them are aimed at the municipal decision-making level and are mainly intended for use in urban areas.

    The scope of the health determinants considered by each of these tools varies. Some, such as rapid HIA, the Health Matrix and the health lens approach, are more holistic and apply to all types of policies. Thus, they are...

  • 17 novembre 2020

    This briefing note is the first in a series of six focused on the state of the practice of integrated impact assessment (IIA). These documents focus, respectively, on:

    1. Overall situation and clarification of concepts
    2. Example of the practice of IIA at the European Commission
    3. Example of the practice of IIA in France
    4. Example of the practice of IIA in the United Kingdom
    5. Example of the practice of IIA in Northern Ireland
    6. Main challenges and issues tied to IIA

    Integrated Impact Assessment (IIA) is a decision-support mechanism increasingly being considered by public administrations in industrialized countries. The movement toward the adoption of evidence-based policy has given rise to...

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