Vivre en sécurité : se donner les moyens

  • 17 mai 2017

    This guide is designed to help you do an assessment of spousal violence within a region. It proposes a systematic procedure to 1) prepare a portrait of the scope of spousal violence within the study area on the basis of available data, 2) better understand the distribution of spousal violence in that area, 3) identify which groups are most affected, and 4) gain a better grasp of the factors potentially associated with the problem. The goal is to help communities obtain a more in-depth understanding of spousal violence as it is experienced in a particular area and plan effective preventive interventions. The guide also provides a list of interventions to prevent spousal violence before it occurs, which have been implemented in Québec and evaluated.

  • 8 avril 2016

    Ce guide a été développé dans le but de faciliter la planification d’interventions pour prévenir la violence conjugale adaptées aux réalités particulières des régions ou des territoires. Il propose aux acteurs locaux et régionaux préoccupés par cette problématique une démarche pour réaliser un état de situation à partir de l'analyse des statistiques de la criminalité commise en contexte conjugal, d'indicateurs sociodémographiques et de données colligées auprès d'informateurs clés. La démarche permet, pour un territoire ciblé, 1) de dresser un portrait de l’importance de la violence conjugale en tenant compte des données disponibles, 2) de mieux comprendre la répartition de la violence conjugale, 3) d’identifier les groupes les plus touchés, et 4) de comprendre quels facteurs sont...

  • 26 janvier 2016

    Ce guide est complémentaire au Guide de réalisation d’une enquête sur la sécurité des personnes d’un milieu de vie. Il permet une utilisation optimale des différentes versions du questionnaire d’enquête sur la sécurité des personnes et la victimation dans le milieu de vie ainsi que des outils conçus pour la saisie et le traitement des données qui les accompagnent. Ce guide oriente la réflexion entourant la préparation du questionnaire, notamment le choix du mode de collecte des données, le niveau de détails souhaité, les questions à retenir et les critères d’éligibilité. Il soutient la préparation de l’administration du questionnaire au regard des considérations éthiques inhérentes à l’utilisation de ce type de questionnaire, de l’information qu’il est nécessaire de...

  • 29 août 2012

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    To make sound decisions as to what should be done to improve safety and prevent crime in a...

  • 29 août 2012

    Like discussion groups, direct observation and literature reviews, semi-structured interviews can be used to gather qualitative information. Interviews of this type are suited to working with small samples and are effective for studying specific situations or for supplementing and validating information derived from other sources used for making safety diagnoses. In addition, since they provide access to perceptions and opinions, they are useful for gaining insight into problems that are not perceptible immediately or are more difficult to observe, but that nonetheless cause concern in certain areas or in certain segments of the population.

    During safety diagnoses, semi-structured interviews should be used to explore crime and safety problems perceived by representatives of the...

  • 29 août 2012

    A focus group is a group discussion led by a facilitator. Participants are asked to share their thoughts on a particular topic, based on their personal opinions and experience. They are also encouraged to react to the views expressed by other participants and to say where they stand in relation to those views.

    In the model proposed in this guide, focus group participants are selected on the basis of criteria that ensure the life setting under study is well represented. This approach guarantees that the groups provide a wide range of viewpoints and perceptions, and can thus help to shed light on the different opinions and degree of consensus that exist on a given topic, such as the feeling of safety in a regional county municipality (RCM) or a municipality. In safety diagnoses,...

  • 29 août 2012

    In making safety diagnoses, it is sometimes useful to estimate or quantify certain behaviours or environmental features through direct observation of life settings. This observation method makes it possible to gather and analyze information on a series of problem safety situations related to the characteristics or behaviour of individuals (incivility) or to certain characteristics of the physical environment (disorder). Generally speaking, it requires the use of an observation log for entering information on the safety situations under study.

    Even though it is difficult to foresee all of the problem safety situations that can arise in life settings, we have singled out a certain number on the basis of the scientific literature. All of these situations10 are included in the...

  • 29 août 2012

    To do a safety diagnosis for a particular life setting, you have to get to know the setting. You will thus obtain a good understanding of its specific characteristics, as well a frame of reference for data collection activities. The present guide describes the main steps involved in developing a life setting’s general portrait.

    Although many parameters can be used to characterize a life setting, some warrant special attention in a process aimed at improving safety or preventing crime; for example, the setting’s geographic, human and economic characteristics and some of its physical characteristics pertaining to housing. Gaining insight into these characteristics will enable you to:

    • share in general knowledge about the life setting under study;
    • clearly...
  • 29 août 2012

    Generally speaking, surveys are used to obtain three main types of information:

    • information on the characteristics of individuals, including their personal characteristics (age, marital status, level of education, etc.), behaviour (amount of time spent doing certain activities, etc.) and living environment (workplace, housing, etc.);
    • information on the opinions of individuals (how safe or unsafe they feel, what they think about certain facts, ideas, programs or events, etc.);
    • information on their past personal experiences (victimization, etc.).

    The data gathered during a survey can be grouped and analyzed to detect trends or associations, such as whether certain groups within a population (e.g. the members of a particular age group, men or...

  • 29 août 2012

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    The present document, Guide to Analyzing Crime Using Official Statistics – 2nd edition, is one...

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