This document is intended to enable public health actors to more easily distinguish between the most widespread policy approaches that have been proposed to reduce health inequalities. The approaches that we will discuss are:
- Political economy,
- Macro social policies,
- Life course approach,
- Settings approach,
- Approaches that aim at living conditions,
- Approaches that target communities, and
- Approaches aimed at individuals.
Health inequalities1 are understood to be unfair and systematic differences in health among and between social groups – differences which need to be addressed through action. These result from social and political circumstances...