Psychological distress

Questionnaire 8 - Kessler Psychological Distress Scale – 6 items (K6)

Au cours du dernier mois, à quelle fréquence vous êtes-vous senti :

During the past month, about how often did you feel:

Tout le temps/
All of the time

La plupart du temps/
Most of the time

Parfois/
Some of the time

Rarement/
A little of the time

Jamais/
None of the time

nerveux?

nervous?

4

3

2

1

0

désespéré?

hopeless?

4

3

2

1

0

agité ou ne tenant pas en place?

restless or fidgety?

4

3

2

1

0

si déprimé que plus rien ne pouvait vous faire sourire?

so depressed that nothing could cheer you up?

4

3

2

1

0

que tout était un effort?

that everything was an effort?

4

3

2

1

0

bon à rien?

worthless?

4

3

2

1

0

Notes: 1. The questionnaires are available on the following website: https://www.hcp.med.harvard.edu/ncs/k6_scales.php. However, it is the questionnaires that Statistics Canada uses that are presented here to facilitate comparisons beteween Canadian studies. To use the questionnaires, the source must be mentioned (Kessler et al., 2003). 2. To consult the English and French versions of the K6 according to Statistics Canada, see the CCHS in the “Détresse (DIS)” section (in French) and the “Distress (DIS)” section (in English) (Statistics Canada, 2015). It should be noted that Statistics Canada uses the K10 questionnaire. Here, only the items from the K6 are presented. 3. The scoring attributed differs between the studies. Sometimes the scale is 0 (never) to 4 (always) and sometimes it is 5 (never) to 1 (always). Information sheet 11 mentions that the threshold of 13 indicates the probability of a serious mental illness. To use this threshold, the scale of 0 to 4 must be used, as presented in Questionnaire 8.

Sources : Kessler, R. C., Barker, P. R., Colpe, L. J., Epstein, J. F., Gfroerer, J. C., Hiripi, E., … Zaslavsky, A. M. (2003). Screening for serious mental illness in the general population. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(2), 184-189. Repéré à https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/7101/40b8f5db8fd0701a9b21414fab442f59a617.pdf
Statistique Canada. (2015a). Enquête sur la santé dans les collectivités canadiennes (ESCC) – 2013. Extrait du module « Détresse (DIS) ». Repéré à http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p3Instr_f.pl?Function=assembleInstr&a=1&&lang=fr&Item_Id=152567
Statistique Canada. (2015b). Canadian Community Helath Survey (CCHS) – 2013. Extrait du module « Distress (DIS) ». Repéré à http://www23.statcan.gc.ca/imdb/p3Instr.pl?Function=assembleInstr&a=1&&lang=fr&Item_Id=152567

Last modified: 

January-12-21

How to cite: Canuel, M., Gosselin, P., Duhoux, A., Brunet, A., et Lesage, A. (2019). Post-Disaster Mental Health Impacts Surveillance Toolkit. Institut national de santé publique du Québec. Found at https://www.inspq.qc.ca/en/publications/2676(link is external).