As noted earlier, there are surveillance systems and population-based surveys that facilitate the surveillance of the health status of the population in Québec. However, such data sources have limitations and are not always adapted to post-disaster surveillance. Epidemiological studies are thus another source of information to assess the psychological impact of a disaster. The questionnaires used in the surveys usually include a series of questions on sociodemographic characteristics and follow-up to questions on physical and mental health status.
This section of the toolkit presents in the form of information sheets studies produced during the post-disaster recovery phase and other studies and surveys that could be relevant. Each sheet contains information on the study, i.e. the objectives, the target population, the type of survey, the year of data collection, the contents of the survey, and the standardized instruments used. The references inserted for each sheet afford access to the questionnaires pertaining to the studies, when available. This section has revealed that few studies use the same instruments to measure mental health impacts. Table 7 summarizes the instruments used in the studies.
To obtain questionnaires drafted and validated in French, only studies conducted in Québec and in France were selected, whether or not they were recurrent, of local, regional and provincial scope, provided that they include at least one section on mental health impacts.
The studies and questionnaires are tools that complement the existing information sources mentioned earlier. This section is divided into two parts. The first part presents the surveys for which the questionnaires are available online or from the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ). The second part focuses on the surveys for which the questionnaires are unavailable online or from the INSPQ but may be of interest, e.g. for comparison purposes or to identify the name of the validated instrument used in the questionnaire. Certain standardized instruments used in the studies have been reproduced in section 6.3 when the committee of experts recommended them. Appendix 2 describes in detail the methodology used to select the studies.
Conditions of use of the tools
The conditions of use of the tools and instruments used in the studies presented in section 5 of the toolkit vary depending on the applicable copyright. Several copyrights may apply to a questionnaire, especially when it uses different standardized measurement instruments and hitherto unpublished questions. It is strongly recommended to verify the conditions with the authors of the questionnaires. Generally speaking, authorization to reproduce the documents must be obtained and mention of the copyright must be observed. section 6.2 of the toolkit mentions the conditions of use of some of the instruments.
To read in this section: