New publications in English
September-30-16Healthcare-Associated Infections Provincial Surveillance Program: Highlights, Discussions and Orientations 2014–2015
The Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ) [Québec’s public health institute] has been mandated by the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS) [Québec’s ministry of health and social services] to oversee the provincial surveillance of healthcare-associated (HA) infections. The Comité sur les infections nosocomiales du Québec (CINQ) [Québec healthcare-associated infections committee] and the Comité de surveillance provinciale des infections nosocomiales (SPIN) [Provincial committee for surveillance of healthcare-associated infections] have set up a structured surveillance program to support public health administrations and local infection prevention and control teams in general as well as specialized acute healthcare facilities.
The data for 2014–2015...
In 2014, 127 cases of Lyme disease were reported to public health authorities, including 66 cases that were acquired in Québec.
During that same year, the Laboratoire de santé publique du Québec received 2,549 Ixodes scapularis ticks from Québec, primarily from the Montérégie, Montréal, Mauricie and Centre-du-Québec, Lanaudière, Laurentides and Estrie regions.
Lastly, active surveillance in 2014 identified three new endemic sites for Lyme disease, all in Montérégie.
September-23-16Guide for the Management of Outbreaks of Clostridium difficile–Associated Diarrhea (CDAD) in Hospitals
Clostridium difficile is the leading cause of healthcare-associated infectious diarrhea in adults, affecting 0.3–2% of hospitalized patients. The epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, risk factors, diagnosis and management of cases of Clostridium difficile–associated diarrhea (CDAD) were the subject of a previous publication. The incidence of CDAD varies widely across and within institutions.
In 2003, a marked increase was observed in the incidence, morbidity and mortality of CDAD in Québec. Since 2004, considerable efforts have been made to control this infection. The mobilization of infection prevention and control professionals and the allocation of additional resources have made a difference, with CDAD rates falling to their lowest level in...