Immediate impact of the trauma

Information sheet 12 - Peritraumatic Distress Inventory (PDI)

Name of the instrument

Peritraumatic Distress Inventory

Abbreviation

PDI

Number of items

13

Terms of use

Public domain. The source must be mentioned (Jehel et al. 2005 [English]; Brunet et al., 2001 [French]).

Language

English, French and several other languages

Data collection method

Self-report questionnaire, in hard copy, in person or by telephone.

Target population

Adults

Interpretation of the results and thresholds

  • The items are ranked on a five-point scale from 0 to 4 with a maximum score of 52.
  • A score of 14 or more appears to identify individuals at risk of developing a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

Is the questionnaire available in the toolkit?

Yes, see Questionnaire 9.

Other versions

The PDI-C is a version adapted for children roughly 6 to 16 years of age (Questionnaire 10).

References

  • Brunet, A., Weiss, D. S., Metzler, T. J., Best, S. R., Fagan, J., Vedantham, K. and Marmar, C. R. (2000). An Overview of the Peritraumatic Emotional Distress Scale. Dialogues Clin Neurosci, 2(1), 44-45.
  • Brunet, A., Weiss, D. S., Metzler, T.J., Best, S. R., Neylan, T. C., Rogers, C., Fagan, J. and Marmar, C. R. (2001). The Peritraumatic Distress Inventory: A proposed Measure of PTSD criterion A2. American Journal of Psychiatry, 158(9), 1480-5.
  • Bui, E., Brunet, A., Olliac, B., Very, E., Allenou, C., Raynaud, J.-P., … Birmes, P. (2011). Validation of the peritraumatic dissociative experiences questionnaire and peritraumatic distress inventory in school-aged victims of road traffic accidents. European Psychiatry, 26(2), 108-111.
  • Guardia, D., Brunet, A., Duhamel, A., Ducrocq, F., Demarty, A.-L. and Vaiva, G. (2013). Prediction of trauma-related disorders: a proposed cutoff score for the peritraumatic distress inventory. The Primary Care Companion for CNS Disorders, 15(1).
  • Jehel, L., Brunet, A., Paterniti, S. and Guelfi, J. D. (2005). Validation de la version française de l’inventaire de détresse péritraumatique. The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 50(1), 67-71.

Information sheet 13 - Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire (PDEQ)

Name of the instrument

Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire

Abbreviation

PDEQ

Number of items

10

Terms of use

Public domain. The source must be mentioned (Birmes et al., 2005 [French]; Marmar et al., 2004 [English]).

Language

English, French

Data collection method

Self-report questionnaire, in hard copy, in person or by telephone.

Target population

Adults

Interpretation of the results and thresholds

  • Each item is ranked on a five-level scale from 1 to 5, with a maximum score of 50.
  • The clinical threshold for this instrument is 1.5 for the mean.

Is the questionnaire available in the toolkit?

Yes, see Questionnaire 11.

Other versions

The PDEQ-C is a version adapted for children roughly 6 to 16 years of age.

References

  • Birmes, P., Brunet, A., Benoit, M., Defer, S., Hatton, L., Sztulman, H. and Schmitt, L. (2005). Validation of the peritraumatic dissociative experiences questionnaire self-report version in two samples of French-speaking individuals exposed to trauma. European Psychiatry, 20(2), 145-151.
  • Marmar, C. R., Metzler, T. J., Otte, C. (2004). Chapter 6. The Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire. In J. P. Wilson and T. M. Keane (dir.). Assessing psychological trauma and PTSD (2nd edition). New York: The Guilford Press.

Last modified: 

January-12-21

How to cite: Canuel, M., Gosselin, P., Duhoux, A., Brunet, A., et Lesage, A. (2019). Post-Disaster Mental Health Impacts Surveillance Toolkit. Institut national de santé publique du Québec. Found at https://www.inspq.qc.ca/en/publications/2676(link is external).