This surveillance report examines changes from 1989–1992 to 2008–2010 in preterm and small-for-gestational-age birth rates in Québec for the general population and by mother’s first language. Rates based on selected sociodemographic characteristics (e.g., place of residence, material deprivation, and immigrant status) of mothers in each linguistic community are also presented.
The report’s main finding is that previously observed variations in perinatal health favoring Anglophones were not observed in 2008–2010: preterm and small-for-gestational-age birth rates were similar for Anglophones, Francophones, and Allophones during this period.
Preterm birth rates
- Preterm birth rates increased for all linguistic communities from 1989–19921 and stabilized beginning in 2002–2004.
- In 2008–2010 preterm birth rates per 100 live births were comparable for Francophones, Anglophones, and Allo…