Research report, study and analysis

Écrit présentant les résultats d’une recherche réalisée par un ou des experts de l’INSPQ sur une question d’intérêt pour la santé publique. Le document peut rapporter des résultats préliminaires ou définitifs et contenir ou non des propositions pour agir sur les questions examinées.

Presence of Psychoactive Substances in Biological Samples From Drivers Fatally Injured in Québec From 2002 to 2013

Since 2002, the number of road traffic deaths in Québec has been falling steadily, even though the number of motor vehicles on the road – automobiles, in particular – has increased considerably. Nevertheless, the use of alcohol, drugs and medications is frequently cited as a cause of road traffic accidents by public authorities, since these psychoactive substances have the potential to impair driving.

The aim of this study is to present a profile of the psychoactive substances (i.e…

Research report, study and analysis

Legalization of Non-medical Cannabis: A Public Health Approach to Regulation

Cannabis is the most commonly consumed illegal substance. The current system of prohibition and its sanctions do not prevent the use of this substance. The most recent data indicate that about 15% of the Québec population report having used cannabis in the past 12 months. More than half of those who have used cannabis report having used it less than once a month. Those who use it weekly or daily represent about a quarter of cannabis users. Cannabis is not an ordinary product. It carries…
Research report, study and analysis

Innovative Courses of Action Pertaining to “Illicit” Psychoactive Substances

This report is the result of a mandate from the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux (MSSS) [Québec’s ministry of health and social services] to produce a knowledge synthesis focused on nine courses of action which pertain to “illicit” psychoactive substances and which have not been implemented, or have been implemented only on a limited scale or as a pilot project in Québec.

The nine courses of action are:

Education programs for overdose prevention and management…
Research report, study and analysis

IVAIRE Project: Study of the Impacts of Ventilation on Indoor Air Quality in the Home and on the Respiratory Health of Asthmatic Children

The objectives of the Impact de la Ventilation sur l’Air intérieur et la Respiration des Enfants asthmatiques dans les habitations (IVAIRE) project were to evaluate the impact of ventilation on indoor air quality and the frequency of respiratory symptoms in asthmatic children living in single family homes. The two-phase project was broken down into two one-year periods: the pre-intervention phase (Phase I) to complete a descriptive study of all participants recruited and the selection of…

Synthesis and summary

The Food Environment Around Public Schools and the Consumption of Junk Food for Lunch by Québec Secondary School Students

In Québec, more than half (52%) of secondary school students had not eaten junk food for lunch during the week preceding the study, while a little less than half (48%) had eaten junk food for lunch one or more times. Close to 40% of students in Québec public secondary schools have access to at least two fast-food restaurants within 750 metres. Consumption of junk food two or more times per week is associated with obesity and other negative health measures among young people. The…
Research report, study and analysis

Individual and Social Effects of Changes Related to the Resumption of Mining Activity in Malartic: 2006–2013

Using a qualitative approach, researchers consider how Malartic residents have experienced changes in their community resulting from the development of an open pit mine and the effects of these changes on quality of life and social dynamics. They also collected residents’ opinions about risk management, their perceptions about health risks and their hopes and outlook for the future.

The main findings of the study are as follows:

The arrival of the Canadian Malartic mine…
Research report, study and analysis

The Economic Consequences Associated With Obesity and Overweight in Québec: Costs Tied to Hospitalization and Medical Consultations

Over the past 40 years, industrialized countries have undergone social and economic changes that have increased the risk of developing chronic diseases within the population. The increasingly sedentary nature of work, a decrease in physical activity due to reliance on automobiles and to urban sprawl and more sedentary recreational activities have all contributed to an ongoing reduction in levels of physical activity.

To this can be added the major changes the food…

Research report, study and analysis

Electronic Cigarette Use Among Secondary School Students in Québec: 2012-2013

Electronic cigarettes are new devices with which users mimic the gestures and produce the feeling of smoking without exposing themselves to the toxic by-products of tobacco combustion. While many experts consider them to be a less harmful alternative for smokers' health than conventional cigarettes, others are concerned that they could renormalize smoking and provide a gateway to conventional cigarettes for young people.

This study is one of the first to assess electronic cigarette…

Research report, study and analysis

Body Weight and the Health of the Adult Population in Québec – Summary

This study provides, for the first time, a profile of the health burden linked to different categories of body weight (underweight, overweight and obesity) among adults 18 years of age or over for the province of Québec. Based on different indicators of physical and mental health drawn from survey data, it describes the proportion and number of men and women who report suffering from specific health problems according to their weight category. The study also identifies the degree to…

Research report, study and analysis

Summary of ethical concerns raised in the surveillance plans reviewed by the Comité d’éthique de santé publique between 2003 and 2012

In 2013, after 10 years of existence, the Comité d’éthique de santé publique [Public Health Ethics Committee] (CESP) felt compelled to review the experience that it had developed with regard to its specific mandate to provide ethical reviews of surveillance plans. This document summarizes all the ethical concerns identified by the Committee through the review of the different surveillance plans that were submitted to it between the time of its establishment and 2012. This summary of the…

Research report, study and analysis