Professional practice guidelines

Écrit présentant un ensemble d’énoncés sur un sujet particulier qui visent à soutenir le professionnel qui intervient dans ce domaine. Ces énoncés sont développés selon une approche systématique qui tient compte des connaissances disponibles et des principes d’éthique professionnelle applicable à son champ de pratique.

  • October-15-12

    Ce feuillet rapporte les faits saillants des résultats de l’enquête populationnelle 2010 concernant l’exposition aux pratiques cliniques préventives des répondants ayant une source habituelle de soins de 1re ligne. Les répondants étaient invités à se référer aux services de santé préventifs reçus à leur source habituelle de soins, que ces interventions aient été effectuées par le médecin ou par l’infirmière. Toutes les données présentées sont pondérées pour tenir compte des particularités de l’échantillonnage.

  • October-15-12

    This summary conveys highlights of the 2010 population survey results on exposure to clinical preventive services of respondents who have a regular source of primary care. Respondents were instructed to refer to preventive health services received at their regular source of care, regardless of whether the nurse or the doctor conducted the intervention. All data are weighted, taking into account sample characteristics.

  • October-11-12

    Faire face à la dépression au Québec est un protocole de soins proposant des balises claires pour dépister, évaluer et traiter la dépression selon les meilleures recommandations actuellement disponibles. Plus simple d'utilisation qu'un guide de pratique clinique, il en a cependant toute la rigueur. Il a été développé pour pallier le manque d'outils communs permettant d'offrir des soins en collaboration au Québec.

    Faire face à la dépression au Québec s'adresse, d'abord et avant tout, aux intervenants de première ligne – médecins omnipraticiens, psychologues, personnel infirmier et autres professionnels du secteur public, privé ou communautaire - susceptibles d'intervenir auprès de personnes souffrant de dépression. Bien qu'il puisse être utile pour différents types...

  • August-29-12

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    To make sound decisions as to what should be done to improve safety and prevent crime in a...

  • August-29-12

    Like discussion groups, direct observation and literature reviews, semi-structured interviews can be used to gather qualitative information. Interviews of this type are suited to working with small samples and are effective for studying specific situations or for supplementing and validating information derived from other sources used for making safety diagnoses. In addition, since they provide access to perceptions and opinions, they are useful for gaining insight into problems that are not perceptible immediately or are more difficult to observe, but that nonetheless cause concern in certain areas or in certain segments of the population.

    During safety diagnoses, semi-structured interviews should be used to explore crime and safety problems perceived by representatives of the...

  • August-29-12

    A focus group is a group discussion led by a facilitator. Participants are asked to share their thoughts on a particular topic, based on their personal opinions and experience. They are also encouraged to react to the views expressed by other participants and to say where they stand in relation to those views.

    In the model proposed in this guide, focus group participants are selected on the basis of criteria that ensure the life setting under study is well represented. This approach guarantees that the groups provide a wide range of viewpoints and perceptions, and can thus help to shed light on the different opinions and degree of consensus that exist on a given topic, such as the feeling of safety in a regional county municipality (RCM) or a municipality. In safety diagnoses,...

  • August-29-12

    To do a safety diagnosis for a particular life setting, you have to get to know the setting. You will thus obtain a good understanding of its specific characteristics, as well a frame of reference for data collection activities. The present guide describes the main steps involved in developing a life setting’s general portrait.

    Although many parameters can be used to characterize a life setting, some warrant special attention in a process aimed at improving safety or preventing crime; for example, the setting’s geographic, human and economic characteristics and some of its physical characteristics pertaining to housing. Gaining insight into these characteristics will enable you to:

    • share in general knowledge about the life setting under study;
    • clearly...
  • August-29-12

    In making safety diagnoses, it is sometimes useful to estimate or quantify certain behaviours or environmental features through direct observation of life settings. This observation method makes it possible to gather and analyze information on a series of problem safety situations related to the characteristics or behaviour of individuals (incivility) or to certain characteristics of the physical environment (disorder). Generally speaking, it requires the use of an observation log for entering information on the safety situations under study.

    Even though it is difficult to foresee all of the problem safety situations that can arise in life settings, we have singled out a certain number on the basis of the scientific literature. All of these situations10 are included in the...

  • August-29-12

    Generally speaking, surveys are used to obtain three main types of information:

    • information on the characteristics of individuals, including their personal characteristics (age, marital status, level of education, etc.), behaviour (amount of time spent doing certain activities, etc.) and living environment (workplace, housing, etc.);
    • information on the opinions of individuals (how safe or unsafe they feel, what they think about certain facts, ideas, programs or events, etc.);
    • information on their past personal experiences (victimization, etc.).

    The data gathered during a survey can be grouped and analyzed to detect trends or associations, such as whether certain groups within a population (e.g. the members of a particular age group, men or...

  • August-29-12

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    The present document, Guide to Analyzing Crime Using Official Statistics – 2nd edition, is one...

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