This publication presents the findings of a health survey carried out in 2003 among households of Iiyiyiu Aschii. A similar survey had been undertaken in the region by Santé Québec in 1991 (Santé Québec, 1994). Ten years later, the Public Health Department of the Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay (CBHSSJB) urgently required a new picture of its population's state of health. The purpose of the 2003 survey was to gather upto-date information on the region's main health problems and related factors in order to improve the planning, administration, and evaluation of various social and health programs.
The survey was conducted during the summer of 2003 using a representative sample of residents aged 12 and older from the nine communities in Iiyiyiu Aschii: Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemaska, Oujé- Bougoumou, Waskaganish, Waswanipi, Wemindji, and Whapmagoostui.
The first section of this publication pertains to pregnancy-oriented practices adopted by women, such as infant breastfeeding, folic acid supplementation, tobacco use and alcohol consumption. Cervical cancer screening and breast cancer screening within the adult female population are also covered in this section. The second section deals with influenza virus vaccination and yearly physical examinations for the overall population of the region. The third and last section relates to individual behaviour changes that may lead to better health and concludes by analyzing some preventive sexual behaviours.