COVID-19 Symptom-based Screening Questionnaire

This questionnaire aims to screen workers before entering their workplace to exclude those who are symptomatic and who have not had contact with a known case of COVID-19 already followed by public health authorities.

The questionnaire is intended to be completed by employees themselves on their workplace (other than health care facilities) to ensure the rapid removal of workers potentially infected with COVID-19 and to prevent its transmission to others in the workplace.

Employees with positive answers in their questionnaires should call 1 877 644 4545 or 811 to receive instructions (alternatively, check www.quebec.ca for local phone numbers). When calling, the person should specify that he/she is a worker.

Having one or more of the following symptoms justifies immediate removal from the workplace
Do you feel feverish, have flu-like chills, or a fever with an oral temperature of 38°C (100.4°F) or higher? Oui    No
Do you have a cough or has your cough gotten worse recently? Yes    No
Are you experiencing trouble breathing or shortness of breath? Yes    No
Have you had a sudden loss of smell and/or taste? Yes    No
An affirmative answer to two of the following three questions (A-B-C) or more justifies immediate removal from the workplace

A. Do you have one or more of the following general symptoms?

  • Unusually intense fatigue for no obvious reason
  • Unusual headache
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unusual or unexplained muscle pain

Yes    No

B. Have you had nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea in the past 12 hours? Yes    No
C. Do you have a sore throat with no obvious cause? Yes    No
DETAILS

Fever:

  • An intermittent fever (in other words, one that comes and goes) also meets this criterion. A single oral measurement of body temperature of 38°C (100.4°F) or above also meets this criterion1.

Cough:

  • In a few instances, people can develop a regular cough (ex. chronic smokers). A regular cough alone does not meet this criterion, unless any change occurs (ex. increased frequency or recent sputum).

Difficulty breathing:

  • Some medical conditions that are not related to COVID-19 may explain the breathing difficulties experienced by some people (ex. asthmatics). Any breathing difficulty that is not related to pre-existing conditions meets this criterion.

Sudden loss of smell or taste:

  • Loss of the sense of smell without nasal congestion, with or without loss of taste, meets this criterion, either alone or in combination with other symptoms.

1 Please refer to the information in annex for more on how to use body temperature as a sorting tool at the workplace

Using the COVID-19 Symptom-based Screening Questionnaire

  1. It is recommended that workers self-assess their symptoms before leaving home using the questionnaire.
  2. In addition to self-declaration of symptoms, it is recommended that the questionnaire be administered at the beginning of the shift or alternatively that a verbal validation is obtained from all workers ensuring that the questionnaire is negative. It can also be administered at other times deemed appropriate: breaks, meals or end of shift.
  3. Workers indicating symptoms (positive questionnaire answers) or if who develop symptoms at work should immediately be removed from the workplace and isolated in a separate room. Ask symptomatic workers to wear a procedure mask or if unavailable, a clean cloth face-covering (e.g., a scarf) and to wash their hands. Workers should then call 1 877 644 4545 (or local number) or 8-1-1 for instructions on how to safely leave work and receive the necessary follow-ups from public health authorities. In case of an emergency (e.g., difficulty breathing), call 9-1-1 and inform the dispatcher of a suspected case of COVID-19 in the building.
  4. Keep a detailed record of all workers (whether or not they come from staffing agencies), including the following details that can be later used to conduct outbreak investigations: date of birth, days worked, position held during each shift, mobile phone number and email address.
  5. It is also suggested to immediately and preventively remove all individuals who have been in close contact with symptomatic workers in the last 48 hours before the onset of symptoms until their identification and the isolation of said workers. This measure aims to prevent close contacts from remaining at work taking into account the inherent delays before obtaining screening results. The application of this measure is even more useful in the presence of already-confirmed cases in the establishment. However, outbreak risk reduction measures should be considered in relation to the impact of these withdrawals on maintaining critical activities in the workplace.
  6. In the event that a symptomatic worker is confirmed to be COVID-19 positive, preventive removal of close contacts will have helped to reduce the risk of transmission in the workplace and facilitate outbreak investigations by public health authorities.
  7. Lifting isolation of a symptomatic worker should be managed by the competent health authorities in each region according to the evolution of his/her case (positive or negative screening results).
  8. Withdrawal duration for workers in close contact with a confirmed COVID-19 case is determined on a case-by-case basis according to public health investigations. If the symptomatic worker is COVID-19 negative, the worker will notify his/her employer and the asymptomatic contacts of that worker will be allowed to return to work as well.

The following are considered close contacts:

  • Workers who have shared a car with the symptomatic worker (personal car, taxi, bus, etc.) in the last 48 hours before the onset of symptoms and the isolation of the symptomatic worker, if they were sitting less than 2 meters apart for a cumulative duration of 15 minutes or more without a physical barrier (separator between workers) or without the appropriate personal protective equipment (procedural mask worn by all occupants of the vehicle, with or without eye protection/visor).
  • Workers who reside under the same roof as the symptomatic worker.
  • Employees working without a physical barrier (separator between workers) or without the appropriate personal protective equipment (procedural mask worn by all occupants of the vehicle, with or without eye protection/visor) within 2 metres of the symptomatic worker for a cumulative period of over 15 minutes during the 48 hours before the onset of symptoms and before isolation of the symptomatic worker.
    • If the symptomatic worker is confirmed to be COVID-19 positive, public health authorities will re-evaluate his/her close contacts and the decision to remove them or not may differ from the initial removal made preventively by the institution.
    • If prescription glasses are necessary and, due to excessive fogging, the wearing of the procedure mask is not possible for safety reasons, the use of a visor alone is accepted. Any contact should then be considered as close contact.
  • Workers sharing the same locker.
  • A first-aid worker in contact with secretions (hands and/or face) from a worker who may be COVID‑19 positive.

Annex

Body temperature measurement at the workplace as a staff sorting tool (triage)

Body temperature measurement alone is not recommended to sort workers at the entrance of establishments.

Occupational physicians in the public health network favor the use of a symptom-based screening questionnaire without taking body temperature.

Taking body temperature in the workplace is not recommended for the following reasons:

  1. Body temperature fluctuates in people with COVID-19, and some will not develop any fever during the course of the disease;
  2. Several things can affect body temperature: taking medicines (e.g., acetaminophen), drinking hot or cold drinks just before reading is taken, measuring temperature in places where the room temperature is not controlled or is too cold (outdoors, for example), normal changes in body temperature throughout the day, etc.;
  3. There is a risk of infection of the personnel responsible of taking body temperature measurements, as this task involves close contact with workers;
  4. The personnel in charge of taking body temperature readings must be trained to safely obtain reliable and reproducible results;
  5. Taking body temperature readings of each and every employee is time-consuming (time needed to get a reliable temperature reading, time to clean and disinfect the equipment used, etc.);
  6. There is a risk of crowding or queuing when taking the body temperature of several employees at once.

If an employer still wants to use body temperature measurements to screen employees at the entrance of their workplace, a symptom-based screening questionnaire must be filled prior to work. If applicable:

  • A single body temperature reading of 38°C or higher justifies immediate removal of the employee, who then has to call: 1 877 644 4545 (or local number), or 8-1-1;
  • It will be necessary to train the designated personnel for this task in the following aspects: cleaning and disinfecting the equipment used, obtaining reliable readings, using adequate protection (procedure mask, gloves and visor), and adopting a strict hand hygiene before and after removing the personal protective equipment.

Notes: 

Latest update in French: August 28. (update in English coming soon).

COVID-19 Symptom-based Screening Questionnaire

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