Aboriginal health

  • August-21-08

    The survey was conducted during the summer of 2003 using a representative sample of residents aged 12 and older from the nine communities in Iiyiyiu Aschii: Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemaska, Oujé- Bougoumou, Waskaganish, Waswanipi, Wemindji, and Whapmagoostui.

    • One out of six Iiyiyiu Aschii residents reports himself or herself to be in “fair or poor” health.
    • Life expectancy at birth of Iiyiyiu Aschii residents is two years less than that of residents of the rest of Quebec (77.2 vs. 79.2 years). The difference is slightly more than 3 years between women of both regions (78.7 vs. 81.9 years).
    • More than half (57 %) of Iiyiyiu Aschii residents reported a long-term health problem. The five main problems reported in 2003 were hypertension, non food-...
  • August-21-08

    This publication presents the findings of a health survey carried out in 2003 among households of Iiyiyiu Aschii. A similar survey had been undertaken in the region by Santé Québec in 1991 (Santé Québec, 1994). Ten years later, the Public Health Department of the Cree Board of Health and Social Services of James Bay (CBHSSJB) urgently required a new picture of its population's state of health. The purpose of the 2003 survey was to gather upto-date information on the region's main health problems and related factors in order to improve the planning, administration, and evaluation of various social and health programs.

    The survey was conducted during the summer of 2003 using a representative sample of residents aged 12 and older from the nine communities in Iiyiyiu Aschii:...

  • August-21-08

    Cette enquête a été effectuée au cours de l’été 2003 auprès d’un échantillon représentatif des résidents de 12 ans et plus des neuf communautés d’Iiyiyiu Aschii : Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemiscau, Oujé- Bougoumou, Waskaganish, Waswanipi, Wemindji, Whapmagoostui.

    • La population d’Iiyiyiu Aschii est essentiellement jeune : les personnes de 65 ans et plus ne représentant que 6 % de la population comparativement à 15 % ailleurs au Québec. Quatrevingt- onze pour cent (91 %) des résidents sont d’ascendance autochtone.
    • Plus d’un tiers (37%) des ménages de la région comptent six personnes ou plus, tandis que la majorité des ménages (74%) en comptent au moins quatre.
    • La majorité des résidents cris parle cri à la maison (89 %), et une proportion encore...
  • May-15-08

    Au cours des dernières décennies, des changements importants se sont produits dans les habitudes alimentaires des Inuits, en particulier avec l’amélioration des communications et des transports avec les régions situées au sud du Nunavik. Une grande partie des aliments traditionnels inuits ont ainsi été remplacés par des aliments commerciaux. Une situation semblable a été observée chez d’autres populations autochtones et il semble que ces populations soient vulnérables aux déficiences nutritionnelles et qu’elles connaissent une augmentation importante de problèmes de santé liés à l’alimentation. L’amélioration de la santé des Inuits est une priorité en santé publique qui exige la surveillance de leur apport alimentaire et nutritionnel, de leurs attitudes, comportements et préférences...

  • May-15-08

    Au cours des dernières décennies, les communautés inuites du Nunavik ont connu de profonds changements dans tous les domaines de leur existence. Le contact sans cesse grandissant avec les populations des régions plus au sud a amené les Inuits à changer leurs habitudes de vie en adoptant, entre autres, un mode de vie plus sédentaire, des conditions de vie modernes et de nouvelles habitudes alimentaires. L'enquête menée par Santé Québec en 1992 révélait que ces changements avaient aussi leurs effets sur l'état de santé de cette population. Dix ans plus tard, la Régie régionale de la santé et des services sociaux du Nunavik (RRSSSN) jugea nécessaire d'organiser une nouvelle enquête sur son territoire en vue de suivre l'évolution de l'état de santé et de bien-être de sa population.

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  • May-15-08

    The Inuit communities of Nunavik have experienced profound change in every aspect of their lives over the last few decades. As contact with more southerly regions increased, the Inuit changed their living habits, adopting a more sedentary lifestyle, modern living conditions and new eating habits. The survey conducted by Santé Québec in 1992 demonstrated that these changes had an impact on the health status of this population. Ten years later, the Nunavik Regional Board of Health and Social Services (NRBHSS) deemed it important to make plans for a new survey in its region to monitor the evolution of the health status and state of well-being of its population.

    Thanks to the collaboration of a number of professionals from the health network and the university milieu, 17 theme...

  • May-15-08

    Over the last decade, significant changes in food consumption patterns have occurred in the traditional Inuit diet, especially since communication and transportation with southern regions were improved. Similar situations have been observed among other Aboriginal populations and it seems that Aboriginal people are vulnerable to nutritional inadequacy and are facing significant increases in nutrition-related health problems. Improving health outcomes for the Inuit population is a priority for public health and addressing this priority involves the surveillance of dietary intakes, nutritional status, dietary attitudes and behaviours, as well as food security. The Nunavik Inuit Health Survey conducted in 2004 allowed for the collection of reliable and up-to-date information about the...

  • April-01-08
    • La santé mentale est identifiée comme une priorité d'intervention du CCSSSBJ depuis plusieurs années.
    • Le manque d'infrastructure dans les communautés pour les personnes en situation de crise, le manque d'hébergement supervisé pour la clientèle souffrant de problèmes de santé mentale sévères et le peu de logements pour le personnel contribuent à augmenter les transports des clients à l'extérieur de l'Iiyiyiu Aschii et augmentent les risques que la clientèle soit perdue de vue.
    • Les jeunes et les femmes doivent être prioritairement ciblés par le PSM. Les personnes souffrant de problèmes de santé mentale grave devraient également bénéficier d'un meilleur suivi visant leur réintégration sociale.
    • Plusieurs facteurs peuvent affecter la santé mentale des...
  • April-01-08
    • The CBHSSJB has for the past several years identified mental health as an intervention priority.
    • The lack of infrastructures within the community for individuals in crisis situations, the lack of supervised accommodation for clients suffering from severe mental health problems and the housing shortage for personnel all contribute to an increased frequency of transporting clients outside of Iiyiyiu Aschii and add to the risk of clients becoming lost in the system.
    • Youth and women must be identified as priority target groups by the MHP. All individuals suffering from severe mental health problems would benefit from improved follow-up aimed at social reintegration.
    • Several factors affect the mental health of the Eenou, including absence of cultural...
  • January-09-08

    Anemia is often due to iron deficiency which is caused by insufficient dietary intake or poor absorption of iron to replace losses. Iron deficiency anemia has a negative impact on physical work capacity, cognitive performance and resistance to infection. The World Health Organization recognizes anemia as a widespread public health problem having major consequences on health as well as on social and economical development. The prevalence of anemia in Aboriginal children in Canada is eight times higher than among similar non-aboriginal populations in Canada and is especially high among Inuit children. Until now, the prevalence of anemia in Nunavik women was unknown, however it was suspected that similar results existed. In recent decades, important changes in lifestyle habits and dietary...

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