Cree Health Survey 2003, Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.1, Iiyiyiu Aschii: Health status, life expectancy and limitation of activities

The survey was conducted during the summer of 2003 using a representative sample of residents aged 12 and older from the nine communities in Iiyiyiu Aschii: Chisasibi, Eastmain, Mistissini, Nemaska, Oujé- Bougoumou, Waskaganish, Waswanipi, Wemindji, and Whapmagoostui.

  • One out of six Iiyiyiu Aschii residents reports himself or herself to be in “fair or poor” health.
  • Life expectancy at birth of Iiyiyiu Aschii residents is two years less than that of residents of the rest of Quebec (77.2 vs. 79.2 years). The difference is slightly more than 3 years between women of both regions (78.7 vs. 81.9 years).
  • More than half (57 %) of Iiyiyiu Aschii residents reported a long-term health problem. The five main problems reported in 2003 were hypertension, non food-related allergies, diabetes, back problems and migraine headaches.
  • The prevalence of some of the main chronic health problems reported increased between 1991 and 2003:
    • Asthma, bronchitis or emphysema (4% vs. 11%)
    • Hypertension (11% vs. 24%)
    • Diabetes (9% vs. 17%)
  • One out of five respondents reported having had to “sometimes or often” limit his or her daily activities as a result of his or her health status or due to a longterm/ chronic health problem. Olshansky, S.J., Passaro, D.J., et al. (2005). A Potential Decline in Life Expectancy in the United States in the 21st Century. The New England Journal of Medicine,
  • A substantially greater number of Iiyiyiu Aschii 352(11), 1138-1145. residents than residents of the rest of Quebec report fair or poor oral health (22% vs. 14%).
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