Health Profile of Nunavik 2011: Demographic and Socioeconomic Conditions - Highlights

This summary features highlights from the first section of the Nunavik Health Profile 2011 on demographic and socioeconomic conditions. It contains information on demographic (population, fertility) and socioeconomic (family, education, employment, income, food security) indicators.

The demographic and socioeconomic profile that emerges allows us to identify certain challenges that need to be addressed in order to improve health and well-being among the Nunavimmiut.

  • Population growth: The population of Nunavik has increased significantly in recent years, and this trend is continuing. The regional housing supply has not kept up with this strong population growth and the needs of new families. Nunavik should obtain the necessary support from provincial and federal authorities to be able to offer adequate housing in sufficient numbers.
  • Education: Education and employment are already major regional development issues. Young people age 15 to 24 are currently looking for work and their numbers are expected to increase, which will exert even greater pressure on the job market. It is crucial to provide meaningful education leading to quality jobs in the region. Efforts made in recent years to stimulate employment and train the population in various trades must continue.
  • Lifestyle and Food insecurity: Nunavik incomes are lower than incomes elsewhere in the province, while the cost of living is higher. Access to a sufficient supply of quality food is a major issue in the region. Programs and initiatives are needed to eliminate this problem. The data in this summary show a significant gap between Nunavik and Québec as a whole. They also reveal differences and similarities between the two coastlines (Hudson and Ungava Bay) as well as between Nunavik and other parts of Inuit Nunangat.
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