Urban Traffic Calming and Health

This literature review examines the effects of traffic calming in urban environments on four health determinants, namely:


  • The number and severity of road collisions,
  • Air quality,
  • Environmental noise, and
  • Physical activity associated with active transportation.

Traffic calming is a manner of intervening in the built environment that appears to offer significant potential as a way to improve population health, and the evaluative literature is sufficiently abundant to require a literature review. This review will also facilitate comparison of the two approaches to traffic calming: the black-spots approach and the area-wide approach.

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