Phthalate and BPA Exposure in Women and Newborns through Personal Care Product Use and Food Packaging
Phthalates and bisphenol A (BPA) are used in some personal care products (PCPs) and containers for food processing and packaging. The Plastics and Personal-Care Product use in Pregnancy (P4) Study (2009-10) explored the association between PCP use during pregnancy and the postpartum period among 80 pregnant women and 55 infants and BPA and phthalate concentrations in multiple maternal and infant urine specimens collected throughout the study (n = 1260 samples). The type, frequency, and timing of PCP and food packaging use 24 h before and during the urine collection period was collected at 5 time points for the mother using prospective diaries. Infant urine was collected up to 2 times before 3 months of age, and mothers answered questions about infant feeding and PCP use on their baby. In mothers, monoethyl phthalate (MEP) metabolite concentrations were significantly higher when women reported using makeup or body lotion in the last 24 h. MEP concentrations were consistently higher when the usage occurred within 0-6 h before the urine sample collection for almost all of the PCP categories. Infant lotion or baby powder application in the previous 24 h was associated with higher phthalate metabolite concentrations in infants. Total BPA metabolite concentrations were lower in exclusively breastfed infants compared to those who were exclusively formula fed or breastfed with supplementation. Given that PCPs tend to undergo frequent formulation changes, which could impact the relative importance of a certain product type as a source of exposure, continued research of this type is warranted.
Date de publication (Zotero)