Plasma vesicular miR-155 as a biomarker of immune activation in antiretroviral treated people living with HIV

People living with HIV (PLWH), despite suppression of viral replication with antiretroviral therapy (ART), have high morbidity and mortality due to immune activation and chronic inflammation. Discovering new biomarkers of immune activation status under ART will be pertinent to improve PLWH quality of life when the majority will be treated. We stipulate that plasma large and small extracellular vesicle (EVs) and their microRNA content could be easily measured biomarkers to monitor immune activation in PLWH. Venous blood samples from n = 128 ART-treated PLWH with suppressed viral load (≤ 20 copies/mL) and n = 60 HIV-uninfected participants were collected at five testing or treatment centers of PLWH in Burkina Faso. Large and small plasma EVs were purified, counted, and the mature miRNAs miR-29a, miR-146a, and miR-155 were quantified by RT-qPCR. Diagnostic performances of large and small EVs miRNAs level were evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis and principal component analysis (PCA). Among the EVs microRNA measured, only large EVs miR-155 copies distinguished PLWH with immune activation, with AUC of 0.75 for CD4/CD8
Auteurs (Zotero)
Bazié, Wilfried Wenceslas; Boucher, Julien; Goyer, Benjamin; Traoré, Isidore Tiandiogo; Kania, Dramane; Somé, Diane Yirgnur; Alary, Michel; Gilbert, Caroline
Date de publication (Zotero)
janvier, 2021