Trends in the use of laboratory tests for the diagnosis of Clostridium difficile infection and association with incidence rates in Quebec, Canada, 2010-2014

BACKGROUND: Several Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) surveillance programs do not specify laboratory strategies to use. We investigated the evolution in testing strategies used across Quebec, Canada, and its association with incidence rates. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 95 hospitals by surveys conducted in 2010 and in 2013-2014. The association between testing strategies and institutional CDI incidence rates was analyzed via multivariate Poisson regressions. RESULTS: The most common assays in 2014 were toxin A/B enzyme immunoassays (EIAs) (61 institutions, 64%), glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) EIAs (51 institutions, 53.7%), and nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) (34 institutions, 35.8%). The most frequent algorithm was a single-step NAAT (20 institutions, 21%). Between 2010 and 2014, 35 institutions (37%) modified their algorithm. Institutions detecting toxigenic C difficile instead of C difficile toxin increased from 14 to 37 (P 
Auteurs (Zotero)
Bogaty, C.; Lévesque, S.; Garenc, C.; Frenette, C.; Bolduc, D.; Galarneau, L.-A.; Lalancette, C.; Loo, V.; Tremblay, C.; Trudeau, M.; Vachon, J.; Dionne, M.; Villeneuve, J.; Longtin, J.; Longtin, Y.; Quebec Clostridium difficile Infection Surveillance Program (QCISP)
Date de publication (Zotero)
mai, 2017