Sexual behavior, clinical outcomes and attendance of cervical cancer screening by HPV vaccinated and unvaccinated sexually active women

Concerns were raised about HPV vaccination possibly leading to riskier sexual behavior. We assessed sexual behaviors, risk of sexually transmitted infection, and attendance to cervical cancer screening by HPV vaccinated and unvaccinated young women. In this analysis, 1475 questionnaires completed by women aged 17-29 years were included. The majority of respondents (67.9%) were vaccinated against HPV. The proportion of those vaccinated decreased with age: from 93.2% in those aged 17-19 to 72.9% in those aged 20-22, and 21.8% in 23-29-year olds. A higher proportion of unvaccinated respondents had at least one sexual intercourse under the age of 15 when compared to those vaccinated (30% vs. 23%, p  .0001). The number of sexual partners during the last 12 months was similar between vaccinated and unvaccinated participants. Vaccinated participants reported more condom use (45% versus 38%; p = .0002), and less sexually transmitted infections (10% versus 28%; p  .0001), and less anogenital condylomas (2.2% vs. 11.6%; p  .0001). A screening test has been reported by 51% and 77% of vaccinated and unvaccinated participants, respectively (p  .0001). The association between vaccination status and cervical cancer screening disappeared when adjusting for participants' age. The study results consolidate the existing body of data regarding the absence of an impact of HPV vaccination on sexual behavior or use of contraceptives.
Auteurs (Zotero)
Sauvageau, Chantal; Gilca, Vladimir; Ouakki, Manale; Kiely, Marilou; Coutlée, François; Mathieu-Chartier, Sara; Defay, Fannie; Lambert, Gilles
Date de publication (Zotero)
août, 2021