New publications in English
10 octobre 2017
The issues related to access to firearms go well beyond the use of these weapons in criminal activities. Access to firearms is an important risk factor for suicide, homicide, particularly spousal homicide, and accidental death.
Most firearm-related deaths are not linked to criminal activities and involve long guns
- Between 2009 and 2013, an average of 127 people died in Québec annually due to firearm-related suicide. This is 5 times the number of victims of firearm-related homicide.
- Suicide is the leading cause of firearm-related deaths in Québec. In most cases, the suicides are committed in the victim’s home using a long gun.
- Most victims of firearm-related deaths are male, except in intrafamilial homicides.
- Firearm-related deaths occur throughout Québec, but the risk of firearm-related suicide is higher in rural areas than in urban or peri-urban ones.
The scientific literature shows that the...
5 octobre 2017Vascular Access–Related Bloodstream Infections in Hemodialysis Patients Surveillance results: 2016-2017
From April 1st, 2016, to March 31st, 2017, 48 hemodialysis units took part in the surveillance of vascular access–related bloodstream infections (VARBSIs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients, for a combined total of 57,570 patient-periods (Table 1). Participating units reported 127 VARBSIs in 120 patients. Patient-periods involving a fistula account for 40.7% of patient-periods. The VARBSI incidence rate is 0.06 cases per 100 patient-periods for patients with an arteriovenous (AV) fistula, 0.10 for patients with a synthetic fistula (graft), 0.32 for patients with a tunneled catheter and 1.24 for patients with a non-tunneled catheter. In 2016–2017, incidence rates for tunneled and non-tunneled catheters have significantly decreased compared to rates for 2012-2016 (p < 0.05) while rates for AV fistulas and grafts have remained stable. Since 2015-2016, three HD units joined the surveillance. Data were extracted on May 5th, 2017.
5 octobre 2017
From April 1st, 2016, to March 31st, 2017, 89 healthcare facilities took part in the hospital-wide surveillance of bloodstream infections (BSIs), for a combined total of 4,830,348 patient days (Table 1). Participating facilities reported 3,167 BSIs in 2,982 patients. The total incidence rate was 5.43 cases per 10,000 patient days. The incidence rate in 2016–2017 is stable compared with the average rate for 2012–2016. Two non-teaching facilities joined the program in 2016–2017. Data were extracted on May 5th, 2017.