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  • 9 Mayo 2013

    Les programmes d'échanges de seringues (PES) implantés au Québec permettent de réduire les comportements à risque des personnes utilisatrices de drogues par injection (UDI) par l'adoption de comportements plus sécuritaires. En soutenant l'insertion sociale et la prise en charge des personnes UDI, les PES peuvent contribuer à la sécurité des résidents et des commerçants des quartiers où ils sont implantés.

    Les interventions de prévention mises de l'avant par les PES et les interventions policières destinées au maintien de la paix, de l'ordre et de la sécurité publique ne vont pas toujours de pair et découlent de mandats différents. Quand la concertation entre le milieu de la santé publique et celui de la sécurité publique n'est pas optimale, les interventions de prévention...

  • 11 Octubre 2012

    The Québec WHO Collaborating Centre (CC) for Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention, established in 1995, is comprised of institutions in the Québec public health network, i.e. four regional public health branches (Montréal, Montérégie, Capitale-Nationale and Bas-Saint-Laurent), the Direction générale de la santé publique in the Ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux du Québec and the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ). Through its mission of international cooperation, the INSPQ is responsible for ensuring the Centre's leadership and coordination.

    Within their respective mandates, these partners run promotional activities on safety and prevention of intentional and unintentional injuries. These activities cover various fields of intervention such as...

  • 11 Octubre 2012

    Le Centre collaborateur OMS du Québec pour la promotion de la sécurité et la prévention des traumatismes existe depuis 1995. Il est formé d'un ensemble d'institutions du réseau de la santé publique du Québec, soit de quatre directions régionales de santé publique (Montréal, Montérégie, Capitale-Nationale et Bas-Saint-Laurent) ainsi que de la Direction générale de la santé publique du ministère de la Santé et des Services sociaux et de l'Institut national de santé publique du Québec. C'est ce dernier, en vertu de sa mission de coopération internationale, qui assure la direction et la coordination du Centre. Afin de respecter leurs mandats respectifs, ces partenaires mènent des activités de promotion de la sécurité et de prévention des traumatismes intentionnels et non intentionnels. Ces...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    To make sound decisions as to what should be done to improve safety and prevent crime in a...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    A focus group is a group discussion led by a facilitator. Participants are asked to share their thoughts on a particular topic, based on their personal opinions and experience. They are also encouraged to react to the views expressed by other participants and to say where they stand in relation to those views.

    In the model proposed in this guide, focus group participants are selected on the basis of criteria that ensure the life setting under study is well represented. This approach guarantees that the groups provide a wide range of viewpoints and perceptions, and can thus help to shed light on the different opinions and degree of consensus that exist on a given topic, such as the feeling of safety in a regional county municipality (RCM) or a municipality. In safety diagnoses,...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    In making safety diagnoses, it is sometimes useful to estimate or quantify certain behaviours or environmental features through direct observation of life settings. This observation method makes it possible to gather and analyze information on a series of problem safety situations related to the characteristics or behaviour of individuals (incivility) or to certain characteristics of the physical environment (disorder). Generally speaking, it requires the use of an observation log for entering information on the safety situations under study.

    Even though it is difficult to foresee all of the problem safety situations that can arise in life settings, we have singled out a certain number on the basis of the scientific literature. All of these situations10 are included in the...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    Generally speaking, surveys are used to obtain three main types of information:

    • information on the characteristics of individuals, including their personal characteristics (age, marital status, level of education, etc.), behaviour (amount of time spent doing certain activities, etc.) and living environment (workplace, housing, etc.);
    • information on the opinions of individuals (how safe or unsafe they feel, what they think about certain facts, ideas, programs or events, etc.);
    • information on their past personal experiences (victimization, etc.).

    The data gathered during a survey can be grouped and analyzed to detect trends or associations, such as whether certain groups within a population (e.g. the members of a particular age group, men or...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    To do a safety diagnosis for a particular life setting, you have to get to know the setting. You will thus obtain a good understanding of its specific characteristics, as well a frame of reference for data collection activities. The present guide describes the main steps involved in developing a life setting’s general portrait.

    Although many parameters can be used to characterize a life setting, some warrant special attention in a process aimed at improving safety or preventing crime; for example, the setting’s geographic, human and economic characteristics and some of its physical characteristics pertaining to housing. Gaining insight into these characteristics will enable you to:

    • share in general knowledge about the life setting under study;
    • clearly...
  • 29 Agosto 2012

    Promoting safety and preventing crime through a setting-oriented approach requires a structured procedure for planning the various activities to be carried out. The procedure involves mobilizing the population and intersectoral partners, making safety diagnoses and drawing up action plans. The Safety Diagnosis Tool Kit for Local Communities was prepared to assist with this procedure. It comprises several tools, including the Safety Diagnosis Handbook and six methodology guides. The document Turning Safety Diagnoses Into Action Plans: A Guide for Local Communities was prepared in addition to the tool kit, to facilitate the process of translating diagnoses into effective action plans.

    The present document, Guide to Analyzing Crime Using Official Statistics – 2nd edition, is one...

  • 29 Agosto 2012

    Like discussion groups, direct observation and literature reviews, semi-structured interviews can be used to gather qualitative information. Interviews of this type are suited to working with small samples and are effective for studying specific situations or for supplementing and validating information derived from other sources used for making safety diagnoses. In addition, since they provide access to perceptions and opinions, they are useful for gaining insight into problems that are not perceptible immediately or are more difficult to observe, but that nonetheless cause concern in certain areas or in certain segments of the population.

    During safety diagnoses, semi-structured interviews should be used to explore crime and safety problems perceived by representatives of the...

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