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  • May-17-17
    Analyses of the economic burdens related to various health issues affecting a population makes it possible to compare their relative significance. By documenting the costs linked to the use of health services and to productivity losses among individuals with health issues, these studies are invaluable to the decision makers who determine health priorities. 

    Studies on the economic burden of obesity and overweight carried out in Canada and other industrialized countries, clearly demonstrate that the increased incidence of overweight generates additional costs in terms of the use of health services, and impacts the economic health of these societies. 

    This TOPO provides an estimate of the economic consequences of obesity and overweight in Québec. The Institut national...

  • May-17-17

    This guide is designed to help you do an assessment of spousal violence within a region. It proposes a systematic procedure to 1) prepare a portrait of the scope of spousal violence within the study area on the basis of available data, 2) better understand the distribution of spousal violence in that area, 3) identify which groups are most affected, and 4) gain a better grasp of the factors potentially associated with the problem. The goal is to help communities obtain a more in-depth understanding of spousal violence as it is experienced in a particular area and plan effective preventive interventions. The guide also provides a list of interventions to prevent spousal violence before it occurs, which have been implemented in Québec and evaluated.

  • May-16-17

    A framework for integrated health promotion and prevention actions based on a competency approach

    The framework for integrated promotion and prevention actions in schools seeks to promote the development of competencies that contribute to academic success and are common to a range of subjects related to health and well-being. It is aimed at counteracting the tendency to compartmentalize actions (e.g., healthy eating, sexuality). The framework also lays out the organizational conditions that promote synergy between stakeholders as well as key actions to deploy and knowledge (knowledge, attitudes and skills) to be acquired at different stages in the child’s development and school career.

    A positive, comprehensive intervention strategy based on the...

  • May-11-17

    The Centre is made up of institutions in the Québec public health network under the scientific coordination of the Institut national de santé publique du Québec (INSPQ), which, in conjunction with its mission, establishes links with Canadian and international organizations in order to foster cooperation and the pooling of knowledge. The Collaborating Centre seeks to contribute at the international level to research, development and the dissemination of intersectoral approaches to promote safety and prevent intentional and unintetional injuries.

    2014-2018 Mandate:

    • Collaborate in the activities of the WHO and the PAHO.

    • Satisfy the needs of the international community.

    • Support the Réseau francophone international de prévention...
  • March-09-17

    From April 1st, 2013, to March 31st, 2014, 44 hemodialysis units took part in the surveillance of vascular access–related bloodstream infections (VARBSIs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients, for a combined total of 54,878 patient-periods (Table 1). Participating units reported 157 VARBSIs in 149 patients. Patient-periods involving a fistula accounted for 44.9% of patient-periods. The VARBSI incidence rate was 0.10 cases per 100 patient-periods for patients with an arteriovenous (AV) fistula, 0.22 for patients with a synthetic fistula (graft), 0.38 for patients with a permanent catheter and 6.20 for patients with a temporary catheter. In 2013-2014, incidence rates were stable for patients with a graft and for patients with a temporary catheter compared to 2009-2013,...

  • March-09-17

    From April 1st, 2013, to March 31st, 2014, 77 healthcare facilities took part on a voluntary basis in the hospital-wide surveillance of bloodstream infections (BSIs), for a combined total of 4,149,763 patient-days (Table 1). Participating facilities reported 2,689 BSIs in 2,495 patients. The total incidence rate was 5.4 cases per 10,000 patient-days. The incidence rate in 2013-2014 was significantly lower compared with the average rate for 2009-2013 in facilities that took part in both surveillance periods. Two teaching and 11 non-teaching facilities that were not included in the 2012-2013 study joined the program in 2013-2014. Data was extracted on May 15th, 2014. 

  • March-08-17

    From April 1st, 2013, to March 31st, 2014, 70 intensive care units (ICUs) took part in surveillance of central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), for a combined total of 132,376 catheter-days (Table 1). Participating ICUs reported 165 CLABSIs in 149 patients. Incidence rates were 0.65 per 1,000 catheter-days in coronary ICUs, 0.71 in teaching adult ICUs, 0.77 in non-teaching adult ICUs, 2.48 in pediatric ICUs and 4.01 in neonatal ICUs. The incidence rates in 2013‑2014 were lower compared to 2009-2013 in teaching and non-teaching adult ICUs as well as in neonatal ICUs while pediatric and coronary ICUs pooled mean rates remained statistically stable. Compared to 2012-2013, two adult non-teaching ICUs with less than 10 beds and a neonatal ICU joined...

  • March-08-17
    • Cannabis is the most commonly consumed illegal substance. The current system of prohibition and its sanctions do not prevent the use of this substance. The most recent data indicate that about 15% of the Québec population report having used cannabis in the past 12 months. More than half of those who have used cannabis report having used it less than once a month. Those who use it weekly or daily represent about a quarter of cannabis users.
    • Cannabis is not an ordinary product. It carries risks for public health and safety. Its psychoactive effects affect the ability to drive motor vehicles, can lead to dependence, can impair brain development in youth, and can potentially give rise to mental disorders. Smoking cannabis can also cause respiratory diseases. The...
  • March-03-17

    From April 1st, 2015, to March 31st, 2016, 45 hemodialysis units took part in the surveillance of vascular access–related bloodstream infections (VARBSIs) in hemodialysis (HD) patients, for a combined total of 54,717 patient-periods (Table 1), slightly less than the preceding year. Participating units reported 136 VARBSIs in 129 patients. Patient-periods involving a fistula account for 41.0% of patient-periods. The 2015-2016 VARBSI incidence rates are 0.06 cases per 100 patient-periods for patients with an arteriovenous (AV) fistula, 0.32 for patients with a synthetic fistula (graft), 0.33 for patients with a permanent catheter and 3.34 for patients with a temporary catheter. In 2015–2016, incidence rates are significantly lower than in 2011-2015. This decrease is...

  • March-03-17

    From April 1st, 2015, to March 31st, 2016, 66 intensive care units (ICUs) took part in surveillance of central line–associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs), for a combined total of 128,035 catheter-days (Table 1). Participating ICUs reported 150 CLABSIs in 139 patients. Incidence rates are 0.70 per 1,000 catheter-days in teaching adult ICUs, 0.42 in non-teaching adult ICUs, 1.95 in pediatric ICUs and 4.15 in neonatal ICUs (including cases with a mucosal barrier injury). No case is observed in coronary ICUs. Compared to 2014-2015, a coronary ICU and a teaching ICU stopped participating, while a neonatal ICU joined surveillance; one teaching and one non-teaching ICU that participated in 2014-2015 but provided less than 11 periods of data in 2015-2016, are not...

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